Preparing for Worship: May 18, 2014
Our text this week is from Luke 20:41-47, wherein Jesus makes a very interesting appeal to the Old Testament to confirm his messianic lordship. To substantiate his claim to be both the Christ and David’s son, he quotes Psalm 110:1: “The Lord said to my Lord, ‘Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.’” The idea that Jesus is a decedent of David was foreshadowed in Luke’s Gospel in Joseph’s genealogy in 3:23-38. Jesus is legitimately a son of David by virtue of his connection with Joseph. But Jesus is saying much more than that he is simply a decedent of David. He is saying that he is “the Son of David,” i.e., the Messiah that was promised. At first glance the Davidic psalm seems to have nothing to do with the Messiah. But if we understand that the one being addressed in Psalm 110 is the Messiah (“God said to his Son, the Messiah, sit at my right hand…”), then the passage is filled with latent meaning. Jesus is not explicitly claiming to be the Messiah, but by quoting the passage he in effect places himself into the passage as the preexistent Son of the God, the Messiah.
The question Jesus poses at the end of the passage goes unanswered in our text. Luke, however, addresses it once more in Acts 2:29-36. There, Peter provides the answer in citing both Psalm 16:10 and 110:1 with reference to God raising Jesus from the dead. Peter claims that David was pointing to Jesus, whom God raised from the dead and who is now seated at God’s right hand, just as Psalm 110 says. He is both Lord and Messiah.
Songs that we will sing this week include the following, provided in a playlist here:
- Come Behold the Wondrous Mystery
- Trust You
- There is a Fountain
- Dear Refuge of My Weary Soul
- O Great God